Uranus is the third largest of the Solar System’s gas giants. It is the coldest planet in the Solar System.

Discovery

Uranus was the first to be discovered by the use of the modern telescope, with its discovery credited to the English astronomer William Herschel in 1781.

Axial tilt

Uranus has an axial tilt of 97.77°, meaning it effectively rolls around the Sun "on its side" compared to the other planets in the Solar System.

Observation

While in Opposition (from the Sun, relative to the Earth), Uranus becomes visible to the naked-eye. It would appear as a faint star under dark sky conditions.

Structure

Layer Composition
Atmosphere Gaseous hydrogen, helium and methane
Mantle Water, ammonia and methane ices
Core Silicate / iron-nickel rock

Atmosphere

Uranus' cyan color is due to the absorption of red light by atmospheric methane.

The gaseous atmosphere gradually transitions into the internal liquid layers.

Mantle

The ice mantle is not in fact composed of ice in the conventional sense, but of a hot and dense fluid, also called a water–ammonia ocean.

A relatively large magnetic field is generated by convection currents at shallow depths within the planet.